is the Phraataces/Musa undertype clearly visible on Vonones I tets. 5.98 g. Struck circa 405-390 BC. The Berlin specimen is in the middle, the one from above used to show the genuine style flan cracks is to the left, and the specimen under discussion to the right: The first thing to look at are the eyes, where the two examples to the center and left are very finely engraved, giving the face a natural almost life like look with an intense stare. Once compressed, the metal may expand out somewhat, resulting in a finished coin with a typical diameter of 24 to 26 mm. They became known as the British Museum Forgeries (and please note the British Museum was in no way involved in the forgery). The specimens shown in this collection were made for various reasons. This is clear evidence the coin in question was struck from a die in which a modern forger "improved" details on his hubbed die, without understanding the true nature of what he was improving. TThe first is aligned across the horses' heads and driver’s arms where the designs are a near perfect match, although due to minor die shift, there is a clear discrepancy in the lower half most easily seen where the two ground lines do not overlay each other: The overlay image below, aligned on the ground lines, demonstrates how there is also a near perfect match on the lower half of the coins, with every letter in the inscription being a perfect match. This list includes genuine coins and fakes. For this, we must compare it to an actual coin from the same set of dies, for which there is no reasonable doubt of its authenticity. This provenance, going back to 1902, and the encrusted somewhat uncleaned nature of the coin, leaves no doubt that it is an authentic specimen of the type suitable for this study: To establish the obverse die link, I have provided this image of the coin under discussion over laid by a 50% transparent of the Berlin specimen : Where the designs are an exact match, they disappear into each other, while differences show as fuzzy areas and, if the different is major, as two distinct features on top of each other. IMP CAES M DID – IVLIAN AVG Head, laureate, to r. Rev. SIZE: the seller lists the coin at about 30 mm. Note:There are numerous fake Caesarea Germanica "coins" of this emperor. The CNG coin is in a fresher state than the other. Coins with E or E* below bust indicate that they were made in Edinburgh. I would like to thank Bill Peutz for providing this web space. WEIGHT: 17.20 grams as per the sellers listing. So what remains is that these coins were struck at a die pressure higher than the ancient minters could achieve, which again points to modern minting technology. There are also features of how the flan cracked during the stress of striking, that are inconsistent with how such features form on genuine coins struck via hammer striking and as those are what drew my attention to this coin in the first place I will discuss them first. Some are tourist fakes, and usually sold as such and some were made so the common person could have an example of a terribly rare coin that would normally not ever be available. 539242. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Robert Ready worked at the British Museum making high quality electrotype copies of their more important coins, including their example of this type. One can easily see that the form of the mouth is not distorted when both well struck and not very worn: The coin under discussion is on the right of the three-face image above. The second is much more difficult to prove as there might be images somewhere of coins that are struck from the original, not retouched dies, which will show all of the details, but as yet I cannot locate such an example. EL 1½ Shekels â Tridrachm (22mm, 11.01 g, 1h). The first is that on the obverse they are strongest in the center and weaken towards the edges, which is most noticeable on the inscription on the right edge. Clearly, the ancient minters could not achieve enough detail to fill all the details on this very deeply cut die. Didius Julianus. The image above used to show the genuine flan crack pattern also shows this clearly. The first Greek coins appeared in Aegina c. 600 BCE (or even earlier) which were silver and used a turtle as a symbol of the city’s prosperity based on maritime trade. that look 98% convincing but have slightly unusual surfaces, looking … Here are a few examples of signs of a fake coin that we look for, with sample photos taken from actual online listings of fake ancient coins being sold as authentic. Here are actual FAKE Levon the First Gold Coins. a Vespasian and sons denarius, and numerous others [including a high-grade Marc Anthony COHORT galley, Trajan quinarius, etc.] This might be why only one die of this particular design was cut, and all other dies have a slightly different design on which Nike flies over the horse, and the horses do appear in lower relief (although I have not actually measured them, and state this based on how they appear on images). The man who sold it to CNG turned out to be a Greek national with a criminal record for trafficking in stolen antiquities, and the transaction was arranged by a Munich coin dealer who once worked for a notorious European trafficker, a member of a Munich cartel whose looted treasures found their way to studios, museums and auction houses around the world. This is what a real one looks like (image credit to CNG Coins): 1. When ancient coins are struck it is normal for there to be two or more hammer blows. Reverse die signed by Euainetos. As the coin forms between the dies and the flan spreads, the die pressure dissipates, and so die pressure is at its highest as the centers form, and at its lowest as the outer parts of the design form. Circa 264-241 BC. The earliest known electrum coins, Lydian and East Greek coins found under the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, are currently dated to the last quarter of the 7th century BC (625–600 BC). CARTHAGE, First Punic War. Since they themselves didn't know enough to not buy a fake coin, they can easily believe it. On the image above is a comparison of the lettering of a similar but genuine coin of this type on the left (courtesy of CNG coins) and that on the false coin on the right. To establish the reverse die line is slightly more difficult. Do not include the sellers' name or a link. Get it as soon as Tue, Jan 12. Most Sicilian tetradrachms do not show any significant flan cracks, and it appears that the expansion out to about 26 mm usually does not create enough stress to crack the flan. 405-367 BC. This results in what is known as die shift and can result in some distortions to the designs during striking. On this new example, Nike's head, which is very finely engraved on the Berlin specimen, is little more than a lump which is not even clearly human let alone female. Reduced standard. If hammer struck one would expect it to exhibit one or more of the very deeply penetrating cracks that form when hammer struck coins crack. Welcome to my non-commercial site for ancient coins. Most Recently Added (0) There are also two smaller cracks to the left of the reverse and a larger one to the right, that do not penetrate all the way through, but appear to be related to defects from flan casting that have opened slightly during flan expansion (especially the one on the left). The three faces below come from three different coins. Circa 170-145 BC. Athens and Corinth soon followed Aegina’s lead. Note that the double cheek appearance of her posterior on this example is actually due to a minor die shift and does not appear that way on all genuine specimens, but the rounded form does. There are many technical problems with hammer striking, and it is not as easy as one would think. By. This shows a constant die pressure throughout the strike, and while inconsistent with an ancient hammer strike technology, it is consistent with pressing on a modern press. Clearly, this is the work of a master engraver. Professional fake sellers will make sure they're happy and leave with the impression that this was an honest mistake that any seller could have made. And this is what makes the CNG coins so special. We deal in gold coins, silver coins, slabbed and graded coins of all varieties. The Coin Shop (428) INTRODUCTION On the lower image, the feather details are coarser in a way that cannot be explained by die shift. Sometimes small distortions are introduced, and often on genuine coins some features are off the flan edge or weakly struck and so are not present to be transfered. 2017 Oct. the "best" coins in silver are fakes, e.g. Since the obverse of that specimen shows nearly no wear, that lack of detail on the reverse cannot be due to wear. There is a second example known from this false die, also high grade and nearly unworn, and it also shows the lips with this distortion --confirming that this feature was in the die. All the examples I have found exhibit two patterns of weakness in the strike: on the obverse the laurel leaves on Apollo's forehead are slightly flat at the highest point, that on the nicest examples, seems to be related more to the die pressure not being able to fill those details on the die than to wear. Ancient New Items (56) Sale items (11) Sold Items (36223) PROTO - MONEY , CURRENCY BEFORE MONEY (23) EXCEPTIONAL COINS !!!!! AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 43.08 g, 2h). This is not always easy to illustrate on an image, but look closely at the "N"'s and the difference between wedge … The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii. 193 AD. The coin under question is very unusual for this period of coinage in that the planchet is a full 4 to 5 mm wider than usual --having expanded to 30 mm diameter. People who buy fake coins will either give positive feedback or ask for their money back. This is very different from how they look on the authentic Berlin specimen and I have checked this on other specimens from this die and it is clearly not what was on the original die. The smaller details, and details around the edges that might have been off the flan on the genuine coin, are the best places to look for these discrepancies. There is no expectation that they made a special mold to make a broader cast planchet for this type, so if genuine, it has expanded far more than usual and has been subject to far more stress than were the 24 to 26 mm examples. CONCORD – MILIT Concordia standing to l. holding aquila and standard. PO Box 4203 Ormond Beach, Florida 32175 | Office Hrs M-S 7:00AM-7:00PM | Office 434-327-0550 | Email:CoinWeek@gmail.com There are some who would argue that the dies were re-cut in ancient times to improve striking quality, but as the problem is a design cut too deeply into the die, the solution would be to reduce that depth of engraving. Looking at the coin under question, the designs are of roughly of equal strength across the entire design, including on the inscription near the edge. LOT OF 2 ANCIENT VF ROMAN CONSTANTINE I COINS EX GEMINI CNG AUCTIONS. Starting with a genuine coin already expanded to about 25 mm, and then subjecting it to further expansion by pressing with great force and possibly high temperature, the expansion to 30 mm is thus possible. Sasanian coinage was produced within the domains of the Iranian Sasanian Empire (224–651). This happens because these coins are struck on rounded planchets which must expand between the dies as the coin is struck. Mike Markowitz - July 24, 2018. Gold bullion coins gained a bad reputation in the Egyptian market during the recent period because some workshops produced fake coins because of its low handy charges fees. The forger must then touch-up his new die by hand cutting missing details. The style of this coin is nearly perfect and it seems to be die linked to other known genuine examples. If it matches well and there are a reasonable amount of die matches on acsearch then I'll bid, but if there are enough fakes to reassure a die match and they're hand-struck, sometimes on an old flan, then a die match to a feature cng listing or something similar would only reinforce my bid on a fake and that's scary. The other possibility, which I believe to the case, is that a genuine coin struck from these dies was used by a modern forger as a model from which to create new dies that nearly perfectly matched the original dies, and this coins is a modern fake from those modern dies. Normally this would be enough to confirm the authenticity, but only if the die link holds up to scrutiny, which in my opinion it does not. This opinion is based on only having seen images of the coin, and not a physical examination of the coin, but I feel the features discussed below are clear enough on the images to illustrate my discussion of the problems with this coin. Sometimes, a few smaller cracks will also occur. But hubbing does not capture every tiny detail accurately. The fact is, coins can and do change hands for less than the amount of the certification fee. The Magistrates of Argos. It is important to remember that genuine examples of this type are normally only 24 to 26 mm diameter, and this example is 30 mm. With the apparent die match established and with no question that these are struck and not cast coins, there are two possibilities: first, and which is widely accepted for this coin, is that the match proves the same set of dies, and since the Berlin specimen it is matched to is certainly authentic, both coins have to be authentic. I have provided two 50% transparent overlay images of the Berlin specimen over the coin in question to take this distortion into account. On the reverse we can see another crack along the upper left edge which has opened wider: The important feature of this crack is that we can see that it has a sharp edge that juts out slightly. Only 12 left in stock - order soon. The planchet is placed between two dies and the upper die is given a sharp blow with a hammer, at first compressing the metal into the dies. Striking via a slower squeeze, rather than a sudden impact, allows the metal to react differently to the stress, often forming many small die cracks around the edges that neither penetrate the coin, nor go through to the other side. There can be no doubt that the two coins also appear to share a common reverse die. Here is an image of a coin of this type which has formed flan cracks, in what is a normal ancient flan crack pattern consistent with a hammer strike : It has one significant flan crack and one less significant one, both of which penetrate both into the coin and through the coin. ... Counterfeit Detection: 1903-O Morgan Dollar 12/27/2020 - The date and mintmark on this coin give it away as a fake. Join Telegram Channel and get instant Loot alerts participants Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer EarnContents Of This Post1 Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer Earn1.0.1 Sign Up On Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Get 30,000 CNG Coins Free1.0.2 Documents Needed For Coinsbit CNG Airdrop :1.1 Get 30,000 CNG Coins Worth ₹2000 From Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer Earn : 22.214.171.124 Coinsbit […] Below are images are the Nike figure as it appears on the known authentic Berlin specimen (top) above the new specimen (bottom) : On the Berlin specimen the feather details of the wings are very delicate; Nike's head is finely engraved with a clearly female appearance, and her gown looks sheer, following her curves, showing a narrow waist and well-rounded posterior. Flan cracks occur when the blank planchet is stressed as it expands during striking, and how those cracks form is directly related to how the coin is struck and at what temperature it was struck. 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